General Facts of the Village
The area of Deabyeol Dong is 3.27㎢.
There are five towns including Andaebyeol, Beolddeum, Donigo1,Baekun and Jangseonggol.
Daebyeol Dong which lie to the southwest of Don-Gu, Daejeon city. West-south of the city is a low mountainous district , north is a hill and east is a developed city. (which city?)
The Daejeoncheon River flows from south to north flowing slowly. The river forms the shape of a bow north of Deabyl1dong and then changes direction flowing towards the North.
The Daejeoncheon turns towards the west, flows again to north with irrigating fields and joins the Isacheon River entering into the Daejeoncheon, making fertile land about the region.
Also it is well-known for the boundaries of the grave of Won-Sang Park, great-grand father of Paeng-Nyeon Park, one of the Sayuksin.
The area is 3.17㎢
This town located in the west of Daebye1-Dong forming a basin is very cozy place.
It is surrounded by Bomunsan, Odosan, Nojeokbong, Jamrubong and Dalbong.
In the center of the town, the Isacheon River combines with several small streams and flows into the east-north and thruogh fields around the region.
It is highlighted as an academic town because Eunjin families reside in this area via Dong Myeon and songshon.
Legend of Village
In the middle of the Lee Dynasty, a classical man kept going to his father's grave in Isa-Dong everyday for three years. In the morning after rising early , preparing and eating breakfast, he would go immeditatly to his father's grave.
One day, when he crossed a bridge and looked under the bridge unintentionally. There was a turtle upsidedown in sandy pool that was drying up.
He thought the turtle was going to die . He turned the turtle right-side-up. Then he continued toward his father's tomb and the turtle swim away.
Winter came without warning.
It was the time when the Daejeoncheon River dried out and snow piled up. When he crossed the bridge pushing snow aside, he could hear a sound under the bridge like someone who was troubled or moaning in pain. So he pushed the snow away and broke the layer of ice. Then a strange object disappeared . He thought that a turtle caught between the ice and the water had escaped from the broken ice.
Summer came and it rained cats and dogs during the rainy season.. When he reached as usual the entrance of Daebyeol-Dong, the water of Daejeoncheon River was too high to cross. He looked toward the grave and kept back his tears. Standing on the bank he could only wait for the rain to stop watching the grave and the river in turns, . Then the, water pitched and rolled, and something like stones were rising out of the water in a row.
He thought "Heaven helps me to visit my father's tomb" and he crossed the river treading on the stone like objects, Thus he was able to visit his father's tomb.
Upon his return when he reached the river he again saw that the stone like objects were floating in the river . He stepped on them and once more and passed quickly across. When he crossed the river, the objects floated right before him moving slowly away and the last one near him turned upside down and disappeared in the water.
At that time, he thought "It's you, you helped me" and shouted "Hey turtle" But the turtle disappeared and wasn't present any longer. After that, People caed it the Jara Bridge because a turtle helped an exemplary son to visit his parents's grave.
There was a servant in the house of yangban. (upper classes).
He felt sad that he was not born in a yangban family. He thought that there was no reason that he shouldn't be treated well when the yangban were similar to him and other people treated them well regardless of their personal assets. He blamed his parents for this and gave them grief because of it.
His father heard that he could buy a yanban, and thinking that this was a way to live in peace, engaged in dealing with ginseng and finally bought a yangban. Nobody knew him although he wore beoseon and gat ,the traditional Korean hat worn by the yangban, which made him look neat and tidy as he strutted in the street.
One day he visited the house of his old master. However nobody greeted him. In a fit of anger, he drank liquor and visited there again and resorted to violence. The master angerly told his servants to see him off. These servants saw him to the gate, beat him and killed him.
His son left home to revenge his father. Then he began to learn pungsoo, a method that helps to discover a good place for constructing a home .. He came back home and heard that grave of his enemy's ancestor was there. He visited and incited his enemy to dig tomb(?).So he tricked them into digging where thier ancestors grave was because he told them it was a propitous place to build a house ? A crane came out of the the tomb and disappeared.
The enemy's family perished after digging the tomb. Now, 'Haggogae' lie in the hill, is called Hagogae, Haogae and Hagteo and is also called haggogae meaning the hill that the crane flies away from.
Festival and Event, of Village
In ancient times, village people placed Deuldol ( rocks) under the Dungnamu trees and put them every town. There was cheongseok deuldol under pavilion in Gamokjeong and one with Panseokam under dungnamu in keungol of Sangso dong.
But now, they have disappeared. However when the old were young, they saw Deuldol, they grew up seeing young villagers compete with each other to lift the Deuldol or they directly participated in the competiton. In case of Deuldol of Gajeongmok, it first disappered during Japanese imperialism.
Keungol Deuldol of Sojeongol existed with panseokam before disappearing in the heavy rains of 1978. There was a legend that in old times strong bothers who came back from market loaded with Panseok and Deuldol. The younger brother asked their weight and his elder brother answered that it would be the weight of two mal of red-bean.
This is indicates that this village regarded Deuldol as important because it is similar to many Deuldol transport stories that is usually a rescue of a mountain God, a strong man or woman and a religious child.
The strong young men of the village used to compete for lifting Deuldol around the seventh evening of the seventh month of the lunar calendar.
In the Samgoi-Dong Gongju village the Didilbanganori was played to avoid bad luck until cholera broke out after the restoration of independence.
Originally this was performed as a religious service to prevent disease and ensure long life or as a play in the street festival at the first moon day but when a contagious disease broke out, it was performed at any time regardless of the the season. It was performed to escape these diseases when war broke out or when troubled with a serious draught.
To prevent misfortune the Didilbanganori took on the character of services to pray for rain. It was performed by the village streamside by women. However generally the Didilbangaje was performed for escaping from an epidemic and this play was also saturated with vulgarity like a service to pray for rain to fill the streamside And as this dramatic vulgar play was suitable for the play of an acrobat or clown it was thought that men stood back and women took the lead in it.
The dramatic character of the Didilbanganori is well expressed by the stealing of Didilbanga's bar from neighboring village. The didilbanga is a type of treadmill used for thrashing grain When fixed the date of the play was set the women of Gongju village would sneak that night into a nearby village like Songchon, Deoksan, Madalchon,or Soryonggol and steal the Didilbanga's bar and come back to an entrance to their village singing 'Sangyeosori'.
The women disguised themselves as a mourning party carrying a bier, ringing a bell and sing funeral songs. But in fact since women don't usually carry funeral biers it was understood to be play and was not concidered stealing but rather a gentleman's agreement, this verified by the fact that the mill always prepared extra bars to be stolen.