Jeongan Bamtori Village, Gongju is composed of villages around chestnut tree cultivation area all over Bukgy 1-ri, Bukgy 2-ri and Sahyeon 2-ri, and has rich Baekje cultural assets around to form a cultural identity among them and higher level of education than other areas.
Taking a strong pride in Gongju-si's indigenous chestnuts and their outstanding technology for cash crops through vinyl houses, they have sold their chestnuts through various cultural events including Baekje Cultural Festival, Gyeryongsan Mountain God Festival and Gomanaru Festival, and make an effort to vitalize village economy in union through 『Jeongan Chestnut Big Feast』continued since 2000.
There live many young people in Bukgye-ri, compared with the trend that the aging of rural population is advancing because the young people leave their rural hometown. Thus the village has a better environment in informationization than other ones, and Sahyeon-ri, Jeongan-myeon becomes the center of Jeongan Chestnut brand.
Since enthusiasm and consciousness for informationization are very high among the village residents themselves, it seems that the village will be transformed into a coexisting community through its informationization project, and its residents will be administrators to run their village rather than farmers, and recover local economy to change the village into a competitive one.
General Report on Bamtori Village
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JJeongan-myeon, located north of Gongju-si, borders on Jeongdong-myeon, Yeongi-gun to the east, on Sagok-myeon, Gongju-si to the west, on Uidang-myeon, Gongju-si to the south and on Gwangdeok-myeon, Cheonan-si to the north. It has the foot of the Charyeong Mountain Range to the northwest but both sides of Jeongan stream flowing through the south form plains fit for the cultivation of crops.
The region is convenient in distribution of agricultural products and traffic because National Road No. 23 connecting Seoul with Honam passes through Jeongan-myeon, and urban buses run to back countries Sangyong, Pyeongjeong, Goseong, Bomul, Naemun and Sanseong-ri.
It takes you just about 15 minutes to Gongju by bus. In addition, more effective farming is available because the village is located near Agricultural Technology Center.
Its neighboring major sightseeing places are Gongsanseong, Muryeongwang Tomb, National Gongju Museum, Gomnaru Public Tourism Complex lying downtown Gongju, Folk Drama Museum in Uidang-myeon, Magock Temple and Magok Hot Spring in Sagok-myeon, and Seonggok Temple.
< Bukgye-ri >
It borders on Jangwon 2-ri to the north, Yeongi-gun to the east, Uidang-myeon to the south, and Seoksong-ri the west.
It belonged to Ungcheon during the Baek Era, to Ungju during the Silla Era, and to Gongju-gun during the Joseon Era. In the late Joseon Era, it was incorporated into Jeongan-myeon, Gongju-gun, called Bukgye because there are many beautiful valleys. In 1914 when administrative districts wers revised, part of Donggye-ri, Dalseong-ri and Sincheon-ri each, and part of Pyeongchon-ri, Bukchon-ri and Yulam-ri each were combined into Bukgye-ri.
< Sahyeon-ri >
It borders on Inpung-ri to the north, Cheonan-si to the east, Gwangjeong 3-ri to the south, and Daesan 2-ri to the west.
It was a secluded place belonging to Ungcheon during the Baekje Era. It belonged to Ungju during the Silla Era and Gongju-mok during the Goryeo Era. It belonged to Gongju-gun during the Joseon Era, and was called Sahyeon in the late Joseon Era for the reason that there was much sand and many passes in the region, which belonged to Jeongan-myeon, Gongju-gun. In 1914 when administrative districts were revised, the region became Sahyeon-ri, combining part of Dohyeon-ri, Sagok-ri and Chang-ri each.
Folk Tale for Samdusa
There is 丁-shaped Binjeongsan of cliff covered with fantastic rocks at the sides of Jeongan Stream at the northernmost tip in Bukgye-ri, Jeongan-myeon. At the foot of the mountain now flows Jeongan Stream, but there lay a large village called Mutaek-ri in the late Goryo Era.
In this village lived Hwang, who had a lot of fortune and servants enjoyed a good reputation, and his wife Choi. However they had no other sons or daughters except their one daughter. The elder of virtue Hwang and his wife devoted themselves to education of their daughter to the extent that others could not catch up with her in literature and etiquette.
In the meantime, they were aware that their daughter almost reached a marriageable age. Hwang and his wife became worried day by day. One day, they decided to leave their household affairs to their servants and go out to look for a bridegroom suitable for their daughter. Then they chose each their own direction to go and left.
A few days after she left home, his wife Choi arrived at a village to meet a suitable bridegroom, agreed to marry, and returned home with a fixed marriage date to find for her husband already to be home. Choi told to her husband to the detail what happened to her, including marriage agreement and a fixed marriage date.
Being surprised to hear the story, Hwang told his own story. He said that he also met a suitable bridegroom, made a marriage agreement, obtained the four pillars for the year, month, day and hour of the bridegroom-to-be's birth, and returned with a fixed marriage date. What's strange is Hwang's marriage date and his wife's was the same even in the time. After this, day after day they spent time worrying about it, knowing that it is difficult to break one of them.
At last, the fixed wedding date came, and the two bridegrooms stepped in their bride's home. At this, Hwang and his wife were at a loss, and the two bridegrooms disputed on this situation. At the moment, the beautiful bride appeared at the door and said,
"Please, listen to me. I don't want to complain to one of you. My parents' mistake made this situation, but at this time to blame anyone would not in the least help to solve the problem. At this situation I would like to say a word to solve it.
Seosan is a 丁-shaped mountain. Two of you, stay 450 steps away from the top of the mountain, one from the south and the other the north. Then I will go up the mountain, stand on the top, and send you a sign to come up. Each of you, start at the same time from your individual position. I will marry to the one who reaches the top and hold me."
And she asked what's their opinion about it. The two bridegrooms agreed to follow her suggestion.
According to the folk tale, Miss Hwang climbed to the top of the mountain first and sent a sign to them. The two bridegrooms climbed with all their might, reached the top at the same time and held her.
The bride in an awkward situation threw herself down the cliff with her hands around the two bridegrooms. After such a miserable thing occurred, Hwang and his wife were in deep grief to die after all, and the village was ruined. This is the background of Samdusa hill. It is said that Samdusa, a three-headed snake, still lives on the hillside.
Kim Ok-gyun (1851~1894)
Kim Ok-gyun was born in Simok-dong (Gamnamugol) about 300 m north of Gwangjeong, the seat of Jeongan-myeon.
He is a politician during the Joseon Era and the hero of 'Three-day Reign', who ventured modernization reform. He was born in Gongju, awakened to the thought of civilization, and organized Reform Party, while set up a new cabinet together with Park Yeong-hyo, Seo Gwang-beom and Hong Yeong-sik in 1884 to launch Gapsin Coup and took power, but ended in 3 days by the intervention of China and sought refuge in Japan.
Later he went to China and wanted to realize his aspiration, but was killed by an assassin Hong Jong-u sent by the conservatives.
Some time after, as a reformist government took power, he was pardoned and reinstated, and appointed to a post of Daejaehak for Royal Library in 1910 as his posthumous conferment of honors. Among books written by him, there are 「Gihwagunsa」, 「Chidoyakron」and 「Gapsinilrok」.
Kim Ok-gyun insisted that Joseon should give up the policy of seclusion deep-rooted in the nation, open the door to foreigners and accept new cultures. In addition, he was aware of the necessity of a national flag and designed Taeguekgi, Korean national flag, with Park Yeong-hyo.
The Korean government officially announced in January 1883 that Korea would use Taeguekgi as its national flag. The original purpose of Gapsin Coup raised by Kim Ok-gyun is to depress a toady party involving Queen Min and her followers, who is considered to unreasonably support the excessive intervention in the domestic affairs of China, and to spread to the world that Korea is an independent nation.
Osoni and Dosoni Symbolizing Bamtori Village
Osoni and Dosoni symbolizing Jeongan Chestnet, which the village conceived and Myeon office designed by the request of the village, was newly designed taking the Information Model Village event as an opportunity, and will be used as the design for chestnut package and for advertisement.
The womanlike character on the left is Osoni and the manlike one Dosoni.
The village endeavored to express the familiarity of the word of chestnut as character image and show the richness of Jeongan-myeon by stressing the well-ripened chestnut.
They used the color reminding chestnut as a basic color and yellow similar to the color, which symbolizes cheerfulness, joy and hope, making these lead the atmosphere of the characters.