The village is located in the southeast to Daeso-myeon, which is 5km or 10 minutes away from the Eumseong IC on the Jungbu expressway. The village of 2.17km2 of land is bordered on the east by Bokhyeon-ri in Mangdong-myeon, on the west by Soseok-ri and Sutae-ri, on the south by Yongchon-ri, and on the north by Seoungbon-ri.
The village originally belonged to Sotan-myeon in Chungju-kun, but was merged into Eumseong-kun during the Chosun Dynasty, with the name Buyun that meant 'Be rich'. Masa-dong, the site of the old temple called Masa and Yeonkol, the mountain to its front from which it got its name resembled a swallow, were also added.
State of the Village
Mashilani: Located in the southeast of Yeonkol. There once was a temple called Masa in this village a long time ago.
20 households currently are living there. Also located there is the Buyun Elementary School.
With long established traditions such as Dure and Pumashi, all villages work as a united body, showing a cooperative spirit.
Yeonkol: Located to the west of Mashilani. It is called Yeonkol or Yeonkok as the mountain facing it looks like a swallow.
50 households currently are living there. There is located a branch office of the National Agricultural Cooperative Federation known in Korean as Nonghyup, and a public health center. It is the center of commerce and transportation in Buyun.
Imshil: Located to the west of Yeonkol.
10 households currently are living there. There are a number of companies in this area, which the gate of Buyun.
- Year's First Full Moon Festival
Entire villages participate in the 'Yutnori' (Korean stick game) event managed by the Youth Association on every the 15th of every January by the lunar calendar. It includes the prayer ceremony for a good harvest, prosperity and the well-being of the village.
- Watermelon Festival
A watermelon fair managed by the Watermelon Grower's Association is held to publicize the best quality watermelons. It includes the prayer service for a successful fair.
- Feast in Honor of the Elderly
The Women's Association holds an event every year with about 100 elderly villagers over 60 years of age to promote the spirit of filial piety and respect.
- Daedongkye (Grand Village Alliance)
Whole villages attend a yearly meeting at the end of every year.
This is an event for looking back over the past year, to decide all sorts of issues concerning the village, to draw up a budget for the next year, and to elect the village administrators.
This is the occasion for unity of all the villages.
Eumsung-kun is the inland area located in the middle of the country, which divides Han River from Keum River. This area is bordered on the north by Ichon in Kyeongki province, on the northwest by Anseong in Kyeongki province, on the east by Chungju, on the south by Koisan-kun, and on the west by Jincheon-kun. There are hill areas in the northwest. With a great volume of water and rich soils, this area is a well-known agricultural region.
There is a part of the Sobaek mountain range including Mt. Kaseop (710m), Mt. Buyong (644m), Mt. Suri (505m), Mt. Weontong (520m) and Mt. Okap (609m) encircling the village. The natural ecosystem is relatively well preserved in those mountains, which is a favorite place of mountain climbers.
The central inland area has a similar climate as the surrounding areas, which have four distinctive seasons with a yearly mean temperature of 11.2ºC and a yearly mean precipitation of 1,360mm.
As compared with the surrounding areas, it has a lot of snow as the old name of the area Seolseong (Snow Castle) indicates.
Housing and Population
Eumseong-kun was a typical agricultural area in which houses were mostly detached. Industrialization started in 1987 and resulted in making major changes in the pattern of living by increasing the number of apartments and duplexes. Currently, the residential sites of Eup and Myeon are largely occupied by newly built apartment complexes and other residential types. The population reached its highest point of 127,007 in 1965, but gradually declined over the following 25 years to reach its lowest point of 74,717 in 1990. Since then, it has gradually but steadily increased as a consequence of industrialization. With its active development, Eumseong-kun is now the only area in the province where the population is increasing.
Eumseong-kun produces a lot of quality agricultural specialties with its rich soil and great volume of water. In particularly, clean red pepper, Ginseng, Mibaek peaches, watermelons, melons, grapes and apples are nationally recognized for their quality. Agricultural competitiveness has been raised by the introduction of organic farming and a high-tech facility to produce non-polluting agricultural products. With the opening of the Jungbu Expressway in 1987, this area was highlighted as an industrial district. 875 companies were registered as of 1998. In Chungbuk province, the largest numbers of companies are located in Eumseong-kun. When the development plans for the local industrial complex are completed, this area will be a core industrial region in the central zone so it will be an ideal place combining agriculture with industry.
Traffic and Tourism
The Jungbu Expressway passes through the northwestern part, the Jungbu Inland Expressway is under construction, and the Dongseo Expressway is being planned. The double tracked Chungbuk Railway passes through Weonnam-myeon and Soi-myeon in Eumseong-eup. The No. 36 National Highway (Cheongju - Chungju) has been widened into a 4-lane road while the No. 3 National Highway (Chungju - Seoul) is being extended into a 4-lane road. Such a traffic network accessible from all directions is the main driving force for the development of the local economy.
Tourist attractions include the Mukeuk Tourist Resort that was the first battlefield on which the North Korean communist forces were defeated during the Korean War. Also there is the Three Brothers Reservoir in Keumwang-eup and plenty of other reservoirs in which many anglers enjoy fishing. This area has the advantage of being close to the tourist attractions including Hwayangdong in Koisan, Lake Chungju and the hot spring resorts in Suanbo and Angseong.