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Nakdong River
Nakdong River means ‘the river flows to the east of Garak Empire (or Gaya)’. The home of Ancient Gaya including Goryeong, Sangju and Seonsan of Gyeongbuk and Hapcheon, Uiryeong, Haman, Goseong of Gyeongnam are all located to the west of Nakdong. From their point of view, Nakdong River flows to the east.

<History of Three Empires> published during Koryo Dynasty describes Nakdong River as ‘Hwangsan River’ or ‘Gaya River’. However, <Dongguk Geography Note> of early Chosun Dynasty refer to Nakdong River as “Nak Water” or “Nakdong River”. This note records that ‘Nakdong River is 9 miles east of Sangju.

<Yeonrye New Technology> of Geung-Ik Lee of 18th century also writes ‘Nakdong River refer to the east of Sangju’ and <Daedong Atlas> of Jeong-Ho Kim indicates the name ‘Nakdong River’. Therefore, the name of Nakdong River is said to have been used since early Chosun Dynasty. Then, where did “Nak” the first syllable of Nakdong River come from?
The historical records of locals names of Gyeongsangbuk Province states ‘the old name of Sangju was Nakyang and the east of it is Nakdong, west is Nakseo, south is Nakpyeong and north is Nakwon (firstly called Nawon but became Naksang-myeon as of today)’.

That is, ‘Nakyang’ is the origination of ‘Nak’. Nakyang is a small village to the west of downtown Sangju. There stands a monument of ‘the altar for the local deities’. This altar is built in 1577 (10th year of the reign of Chosun King Seonjo) and was where they performed rituals praying for good harvest to earth god and grain god.
Scholars say that this monument of Nakyang identifies the root of ‘Nak’.
That is, Nakyang is the origin of the name Nakdong River.
Human beings started to live by Nakdong River in Pre-historic times. Old Stone Age relics such as stone hammers around Jung-dong of Seokjeok-myeon, Chilgok and Various New Stone Age relics, such as combed pottery of Seosaeng, Ulju, Ulsan and kitchen middens of Dongam-dong, Yeongdo of Busan, Jo Island and Dadae Beach.

Also, it prospered Bronze and Iron Age culture during the Historic times settled by Gaya composed of tens of tribal nations and was a center of Korean history as it was settled by Shinra that achieved the Unification of Three Empires to prosper for 1,000 years. It played a major role in transportation to and trading with Japan in Koryo and Chosun Dynasties and is a sad region that experienced the tragedy of Japanese invasion of 1592 and the Korean War. In particular, it has become the main artery of the industrial development of Korea through the modern times to set up the foundation of Korea’s economical development.
Related Information of Chilgok Kumnam Cucumber Flowery Hill village's
Theme Sightseeing
Nakdong River
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Special product
Chilgok Kumnam Tomatoes
Chilgok Kumnam Cucumber Flowery Hill Village
Kumnam Cucumbers
River/Lake List >>
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