As one of the eight beauties of Gyeongbuk,
Binggye Valley is called Bingsan because it has an ice hole and
a cool air hole. Binggye is the stream that flows around the
mountain and the village by the mountain is called Binggye-ri.
wondrous Binggye Valley generates cool air to make ice in the middle
of summer and hot steam in the middle of winter. It is located
at Seowon Village of Binggye-3-ri. The Eight Scenic Points
of Binggye are the pond, mill, cool air hole, Eojin Rock, pavilion,
stone pagoda, ice hole, and Vertex of Buddha. The 5-story
Stone Pagoda inside the valley, designated as Treasure No. 327,
is an 8.15m-high pagoda made of granite in the early Joseon Dynasty.
The village is surrounded by high, rocky cliffs. The
rocks that rise in the middle of the stream were picked as one of
the eight sceneries of Gyeongbuk on October 4, 1933. The local
people believe that the large writing of “Binggyedong” on one
of the largest rocks (10m in height and 20m in circumference) in
the valley was done by General Yeo Song Yi who stopped by here during
the Japanese Invasion of 1592. A small stone monument reading,
“The 1st of the Eight Sceneries of Gyeongbuk,” is erected on another
large rock next to that.
Scenery 1: Ice Hole
is a space beneath a rock shaped like a room to fit 4-5 people.
Every spring, this hold begins to generate cold air. In
the middle of summer, it freezes ice. After fall, the ice
melts. In the middle of winter, warm air comes out of the
Scenery 2: Cool Air Hole
Cool air comes
out of the small, yet deep gap between the rocks by the road in
Dong-gu every summer. In winter, warm air comes out instead.
This phenomenon is found by almost every rock in
Scenery 3: Inam Rock
It is a large
rock that is 1.2m in width and 2.4m in height. It is sitting
in front of the former site for Binggye Memorial Hall. The
sunlight forms a shadow shaped like 仁 (generous) around noon.
4: Euigak Pavilion
During the Japanese Invasion of 1592, Eun
Bo Yoon brought the tablets of Mojae and Hoijae to Mt. Juwang and
protected them for seven years. After the war, he placed the
tablets at a memorial hall. His faith was highly praised and
this pavilion was erected along with a monument to cherish his devotion.
Scenery 5: Sudae (Water Mill)
There used to be a large
water mill where people used the stream to mill the grains every
day, but it no longer exists today. Binggyejeongsa Temple
of Beophwa Order was erected nearby to attract many believers.
6: Stone Pagoda
It is a 5-story stone pagoda that was
built in the late Shille Empire or early Goryeo Dynasty at the old
site of Bingsansa Temple. It is currently designated as Treasure
Scenery 7: Vertex of Buddha
It is a ditch on
top of Buljeong Peak. The legend has it that this ditch was
made by Buddha when he was fighting a dragon long time ago.
8: Yongchu (Pond)
There used to be a deep pond beneath the steep
cliff of the valley, but it is almost filled today. People
say that the dragon which Buddha fought against hit its head here
to create a large hole in the rock.