¡Û Mt. Geumseong
Geumseong is Naju¡¯s guardian mountain. It is
451m in height and consists of four peaks.
The east peak is called Nojeokbong, the west peak is Odobong, the south
peak is Dabokbong, and the north peak is Jeongnyeongbong. Mt.
Geumseong has Geumseong
Fortress that used to serve as a military base.
The fortress is currently located inside a military zone. Every January 1, the highest peak has
sun-greeting event and Fair Day ceremony to attract many local people. In the Goryeo Dynasty, the government
performed a mountain god ritual at Mt.
Geumseong. Every spring and fall, people gathered from
Naju and other parts of the nation to pray for good harvest and peace. Mt.
Geumseong used to have
five popular shrines. Although they no
longer exist, there used to be Sangsilsa on top, Jungsilsa halfway up, and Hasilsa
and Gukjesa on the skirt. The last
shrine, Ijodang, was situated inside the castle. These shrines tell us that Mt. Geumseong
is a sacred mountain. Mt. Geumseong¡¯s mountain god is called 'King Geumseong.' Even today, there are shamanist believers who
serve this god at Mt.
¡Û Formation and Terrain
- Mt. Geumseong
is the guardian mountain of Naju and has symbolizes Naju along with Yeongsan River.
The vein of terrain continues from Mt. Chuwol
of Damyang. It runs down to Bitjae and
passes through Mt. Goseong of Samgye-myeon in Jangseong, Gitjae, and Mt. Taecheong. Then, it comes further down to Mt. Worak of
Wolya-myeon in Hampyeong-gun and through Daebong of Daesan-dong in Gwangsan-gu,
and Mt. Oksan.
It makes Mt.
Geumseong as the last
Geumseong looks like a head that
extends south to drink water from Yeongsan
Taekriji of Jung Hwan Yi, a practical scholar from the Joseon Dynasty, writes
that Naju is surrounded by Mt. Geumseong and Yeongsan River
and gives birth to many renowned people because it is similar to Hanyang, the
capital, in shape and composition. This
is why it was called Sogyeong, small Hanyang, and many people came from the neighboring
regions to observe it. Mt. Geumseong
is located to the northwest of Naju.
Since the old days, it has been known as the greatest propitious site in
Korea. Geuman-dong, one of the three noted villages
of Honam, is sitting inside the village.
¡Û Mt. Geumseong is the sacred mountain of Korea
and the center of folk religion.
- From the reign of King Chungryeol of the Goryeo
Dynasty to the Joseon Dynasty, Mt. Geumseong was where the royal palace granted ritual
supplies to pray for the nation¡¯s development and wellness as one of the eight
or 11 noted mountains of Korea.
It was also the center of folk religion and had five shrines for the mountain
god (Sangsilsa, Jungsilsa, Hasilsa, Ijodang, and Gukjesa). Founder King Wanggeon of the Goryeo Dynasty enshrined
the mountain god of Geumseong as a patriotic deity for supporting his new
dynasty. When Georan invaded Goryeo
again and conquered Gaegyeong, King Hyeonjong excavated to Mt. Geumseong
(1011). When Goryeo defeated the revolt
of Sambyeolcho, the royal family of Goryeo deepened its trust of Mt. Geumgeong.
¡±Sindongguk Yeojiseungram¡± writes that: Mt. Geumseong¡¯s
mountain god appears in the dream of a shaman in the 3rd year of the
reign of King Chunryeol (1277) and said, "I helped you defeat Sambyeolcho
in Jindo and Tamra, but the Palace only awarded the soldiers. They must grant me a posthumous name of
Jeongnyeonggong. Should they refuse,
they will see a great disaster.¡±
It also writes that Ga Sin Jung, the prime minister from Naju, "made a
suggestion to King Chungryeol to assign the mountain god to Jeongnyeonggong and
granted five bags of Naju rice to the shrines.
Also, the King granted incense, letters, money, and silk to perform
rituals every spring and fall. Supporting
the shrines by granting incense and letters every spring and fall continued in
the Joseon Dynasty."
When Wanggeon lost to Geonhwon in Naju and escaped to Yeongsan River,
he could not cross the river because it was full of water. He fell asleep while waiting for the water to
go down. In his dream, the mountain god
of Mt. Geumseong appeared and said, "What
are you doing? The water has been
released; wake up and cross the river."
He woke up and saw the river went low.
He led his troop to cross the river.
When Gyeonhwon chased him, the river was full again. The descendants of Wanggeon called this river