Yongmunsan Mountain: 1,157m high. It is located 8km Northeast of Yangpyeong
and 42km east of Seoul. It is a branch of Gwanju Mountain
Range, but independently has an elevated peak spreading 8km from
the east to the west and 5km from the south to the north. The
main peak is Yongmunsan and the mountains form large group with
Doilbong Peak (864m) 5.5km to the northeast, Jungwonsan Mountain
(800m) 4.5km to the east and Baekunbong Peak (940m) 3.5km to the
southeast. The top of the mountain is flat and the ridge lines are
well developed, especially between Yongmun and Jungwon where there
are grand valleys known as, Yongye and Jogye. The plateaus
in the middle of this site are above the 100m high rock cliff so
it looks similar to Geumgangsan Mountain. The slope on the north
side is low and on the south side is high. A lot of unique
rocks, a deep valley and waterfall can be seen from there and there
is a large plateau approximately 4㎢ long and 700 to 1,100m high
on the vast area of the northwestern side of Yongmunsan Mountain.
Yongmunsan Memorial Monument for Soldiers
The Yongmunsan Battle was a defensve battle against the Chinese
military at the time of the second attack of the Chinese army in
May 1951. The 6th division of Korean army formed the major
defense line around the Yongmunsan area and the alert force was
located in Hongcheongang River and Cheongpyeongang River near Yongmunsan.
When attacked by the Chinese troops, they were able to defeat the
Believing that the Chinese were weakened, this division counter-attacked
the Chinese and went forward to the Hwacheon Powerplant. This
monument was erected for consoling the soul of soldiers of the 6th
In the monument: On the crucial day of Korean War, young patriots
with the strong heart defended the country here with the bodies.
Now this monument is erected in the memory of their spirit.
Yongmun Sallyeong Altar: It is recorded in ‘Sodogyeongcheon
Bonhun’ that Korea has carried out the ceremony to worship Heaven
by building an altar in noted mountains since its foundation. According
to ‘Yangpyeong Eupji’, during the Joseon Dynasty, Korea has built
the Yongmunsan Altar on the western peak of Mt. Yongmun Suworam
and carried out the ceremony of worshiping Heaven to pray for the
prosperity and welfare of nation, prosperity of the traditional
four classes of society (scholarly, agricultural, industrial, and
mercantile), seasonable weather for agriculture, and year of peace
and abundance. However, it was suspended due to the national
humiliation. After a long time of uselessness, the Yongmunsan
Sallyeong Altar was reconstructed on the top of a mountain in Yangpyeong-eup
Baegan-ri, starting from March 22nd, 1995 until the completion in
May 13th of the same year.
The ‘Yongmun Sallyeong’ tablet was written by a calligraphy
writer named Nam, Ho-Jin (penname: Songhak) and its size is 3.20m
high and 1.60m wide. During the Joseon Dynasty, King Taejong
(Taejong 14~15) has attended in the ceremony at the Altar of Yongmunsan
god with the sacrificial offerings of four doe of jujubes, four
doe of raw chestnuts, four doe of ginkgo nuts, two herrings, two
roosters, and one hog. In Yangpyeong-gun, Yongmunsan ceremony
is held every year during the event of Baegun Cultural Assets.
Yumyeongsan Mountain: There is a record that this mountain was
once called Mayusan Mountain because a horse was used to breed at
the top of the mountain. The mountain is currently named after
a female hiking club member, Jin Yumyeong, who discovered this once
unknown mountain. It’s neighboring Yongmunsan Mountain (1,157m)
to the east and has a valley of 5km long. The mountain seems tough
as the paths are complexly scattered but the ridge is not erratic,
making it suitable for a family hike. There are many recreational
facilities, such as the therapeutic forest and the campsites.
After following the No.6 National Road and passing the Paldang
Bridge, turn right at the no.351 road where you can see the Sanasa
valley. Sanasa valley has clean water that rarely dries out
even during draught season. As the name Okcheon tells us,
this area is rich in natural water and famous for the water’s taste.
The valley is somewhat small and cozy near Sanasa but becomes
larger at the downstream.