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Yongmunsan Mountain: 1,157m high. It is located 8km Northeast of Yangpyeong and 42km east of Seoul.  It is a branch of Gwanju Mountain Range, but independently has an elevated peak spreading 8km from the east to the west and 5km from the south to the north.  The main peak is Yongmunsan and the mountains form large group with Doilbong Peak (864m) 5.5km to the northeast, Jungwonsan Mountain (800m) 4.5km to the east and Baekunbong Peak (940m) 3.5km to the southeast. The top of the mountain is flat and the ridge lines are well developed, especially between Yongmun and Jungwon where there are grand valleys known as, Yongye and Jogye.  The plateaus in the middle of this site are above the 100m high rock cliff so it looks similar to Geumgangsan Mountain. The slope on the north side is low and on the south side is high.  A lot of unique rocks, a deep valley and waterfall can be seen from there and there is a large plateau approximately 4㎢ long and 700 to 1,100m high on the vast area of the northwestern side of Yongmunsan Mountain.

 


Yongmunsan Memorial Monument for Soldiers

The Yongmunsan Battle was a defensve battle against the Chinese military at the time of the second attack of the Chinese army in May 1951.  The 6th division of Korean army formed the major defense line around the Yongmunsan area and the alert force was located in Hongcheongang River and Cheongpyeongang River near Yongmunsan. When attacked by the Chinese troops, they were able to defeat the Chinese.

Believing that the Chinese were weakened, this division counter-attacked the Chinese and went forward to the Hwacheon Powerplant.  This monument was erected for consoling the soul of soldiers of the 6th division.

In the monument: On the crucial day of Korean War, young patriots with the strong heart defended the country here with the bodies.  Now this monument is erected in the memory of their spirit.

Yongmun Sallyeong Altar: It is recorded in ‘Sodogyeongcheon Bonhun’ that Korea has carried out the ceremony to worship Heaven by building an altar in noted mountains since its foundation.  According to ‘Yangpyeong Eupji’, during the Joseon Dynasty, Korea has built the Yongmunsan Altar on the western peak of Mt. Yongmun Suworam and carried out the ceremony of worshiping Heaven to pray for the prosperity and welfare of nation, prosperity of the traditional four classes of society (scholarly, agricultural, industrial, and mercantile), seasonable weather for agriculture, and year of peace and abundance.  However, it was suspended due to the national humiliation.  After a long time of uselessness, the Yongmunsan Sallyeong Altar was reconstructed on the top of a mountain in Yangpyeong-eup Baegan-ri, starting from March 22nd, 1995 until the completion in May 13th of the same year.

The ‘Yongmun Sallyeong’ tablet was written by a calligraphy writer named Nam, Ho-Jin (penname: Songhak) and its size is 3.20m high and 1.60m wide.  During the Joseon Dynasty, King Taejong (Taejong 14~15) has attended in the ceremony at the Altar of Yongmunsan god with the sacrificial offerings of four doe of jujubes, four doe of raw chestnuts, four doe of ginkgo nuts, two herrings, two roosters, and one hog.  In Yangpyeong-gun, Yongmunsan ceremony is held every year during the event of Baegun Cultural Assets.



 

Yumyeongsan Mountain: There is a record that this mountain was once called Mayusan Mountain because a horse was used to breed at the top of the mountain.  The mountain is currently named after a female hiking club member, Jin Yumyeong, who discovered this once unknown mountain. It’s neighboring Yongmunsan Mountain (1,157m) to the east and has a valley of 5km long. The mountain seems tough as the paths are complexly scattered but the ridge is not erratic, making it suitable for a family hike.  There are many recreational facilities, such as the therapeutic forest and the campsites.

 

Sanasa Valley

After following the No.6 National Road and passing the Paldang Bridge, turn right at the no.351 road where you can see the Sanasa valley.  Sanasa valley has clean water that rarely dries out even during draught season.  As the name Okcheon tells us, this area is rich in natural water and famous for the water’s taste.  The valley is somewhat small and cozy near Sanasa but becomes larger at the downstream.  


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