Lettuce is Godeulppaegi
Village¡¯s biggest source of income as well as a major specialty.
It is called Sseunnamul or Ssinnamul. North Korea
calls it Jondume Godeulppaegi or Jom Godeulppaegi. In Oriental Medicine, it is called Yaksacho.
It grows on the fields across Korea
and survives for two years. It grows
about knee-high and its leaves are whiter on the front surface. The leaves grow out of the stems and their
bottom part covers the stem. The leaves also
become smaller toward the top of the stem. The flower is a capitulum and yellow in color. Several blossoms hang at the end of the stem in
no specific order.
About 20 ray flowers hang on one capitulum. Ray flowers look like petals, but they are
actually flowers themselves. Several ray flowers make up one
capitulum. The flowers bloom from spring
until the end of summer.
Its fruit is a type of achene that is shaped like
a cone in black color.
Korean lettuce bears seeds at the end of
summer. As soon as the seeds fall on the
ground, they quickly lay roots and sprout.
In winter, young roots are dug up with the sprouts
to be seasoned or to make Kimchi.
In folk medicine, every part of the plant is used
to make medicine.
If few roots are lucky enough to be left unpicked
throughout the winter, they start to grow again in the following spring.
When fully grown, the roots become too hard and
the stems and leaves become too chewy to be eaten.
They are usually gathered and distributed between
July and November.