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The octopuses

[The octopuses]

The octopuses caught in Mokpo Jangajji Village are not only easily caught with bare hands during the low tides, but also are a great source of taurine (34%), phosphorous, iron, calcium, and various other minerals and amino acids.  Therefore, they have been consumed by the local people for a long time as a greatly nutritional food.  Yak-Jeon Jung, the older brother of Yak-Yong Jung (pen name: Dasan) recorded in his 'Jasaneobo (Record of Fishery Resources)' that "about 2~3 octopuses will reenergize a cow that is exhausted from doing the farm work in spring" and many fishermen highly praise octopuses by calling them 'the mountain ginseng of the wetlands.'  Since the old times, the farmers on the southwestern coast of Jeonnam wrapped octopuses with the cows' favorite greens and fed them after a hard day's work.  Yak-Jeon Jung, who was exiled to Heuksan-do, must have seen this local custom and recorded about it in his publication.  An old proverb says, 'don't even feed your dog an octopus from May or June.'  This is because the octopuses drill a hole on the wetland, lay their eggs in the hole, breed the eggs until hatched, and die after the eggs are hatched.  As the octopuses lay eggs in June or July, they are not nutritional in this period and should not be caught before laying eggs.  Our ancestor must have spread the above proverb also to prevent the Vibrio septicemia from eating seafood in summer.  The wetland octopus that live in holes throughout the wetland in front of Mokpo Jangajji Village become nutty and flavorful as they are chewed, whereas the octopus from Yeosu region are less flavorful.  When the transportation system was not as developed as that of today, live octopuses could only be enjoyed by the seas.  When there is a family party, the people would go to a five-day marketplace, buy a set of 20 octopuses tied onto a rope, and roll the octopuses onto bamboo sticks for a skewer or a stir fry.  Octopuses can be a great addition to any Korean dish: "Galnaktang" is beef rib soup with octopus; "Nakgomtang" is beef bone soup with octopus; "Nakji Jeongol" is boiled casserole with octopus; "Nakji Ramen Pan-fry" is pan-fried ramen noodle with octopus; and "Nakji Somen" is somen with spicy seasoned octopus.  In Jeonnam region, they even add minced octopus along with fish sauce to their Kimchi to enhance the flavor of Kimchi.  Live octopuses can easily be minced and mixed with egg yoke and sesame oil and become a great side dish for anyone.  Another special dish would be pancakes of minced octopus and arrowroot starch batter.  In this dish, egg white would only make the pancakes slippery and not as delicious.  According to old texts on foods, octopuses strengthen stomach and intestines, calms five internal organs, helps us energize, strengthen our muscles and bones, and are great for lack of energy.  Octopuses are low-cholesterol and high-iron food that circulates blood and treats anemia.  "An octopus is equivalent to a kilogram of ginseng."  Octopuses are cool food that cools off our heat.  They are high in taurine that prevents and treats heart diseases.  Taurine is a type of amino acid.  The main substance of live octopuses is protein, especially essential amino acids.  As live octopuses help liver functions and balances metabolism, they are the best stamina food for those are physically depressed in summer.  Lack of protein is a source of stress and reduces the secretion of sex hormones to weaken the stamina.  The amino acids contained in protein circulate our bodies as the flow of electricity in batteries.  Lack of protein, in other words, means starvation of cells and therefore, octopuses that are high in protein can revive the cells and heighten the stamina.


Related Information of Mokpo Zzangachi Village's Introducing
Theme Sightseeing
Mt. Yudal
Mokpo Natural History Museum
The Korean National Maritime Museum
The Hall of Culture and Arts
Orchid Exhibition Hall
Oidal-do, an Island of Love
Yeongsan Lake
Daeban Beach
Experiences with Muloe, a Type of Japanese Pickled Radish
Special product
The octopuses
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