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Home > Special Product > Fruit > Apple
Dongsan Apples

Farm Households: 40 Houses

○ Area of Farmland: 48ha
○ Production: 1,000tons
○ Description

Most of the villagers engage in apple production and the village is surrounded by the orchard. In particular, Palgongsan Apples are grown in the fresh air and clean waters of Palgong Mountains with abundant sunlight and great diurnal difference of temperatures to have bright colors and high sugar level. Therefore, it is the best specialty not only in Gunwi, but also throughout Gyeongbuk, the province of apples. Palgongsan Apples have unique taste and colors as they are produced in pollution-free optimum soil and abundant sunlight.

Apples (Classification: Rosaceae) binbha

They are also called binbha or duckweed fruit. Apples contain 85∼90% of water content, 1% of pectic substances and fiber, 0.5% of malic acid and small amount of lime and protein. In vitamin, 100g of flesh contains 60g of Vitamin A (β-Carotene), 0.01mg of Vitamin B1 and 3~8mg of Vitamin C. They are mostly eaten as raw fruit and sometimes used for jams, juices, apple ciders, wines, vinegars and pies.

The first record of apples in Korean history was written during the reign of Koryo King Uijong (1083~1105) referring to M.assiatica as Korean Apples in Gyerim History (1103). This Korean Apple is the origination of today's apples. As it is also stated in "Forest Economy" of Man-Seon Hong with the description of its cultivation techniques, it is assumed that it had been actively cultivated in early 18th century.

About the today's species of apples called M.domestica, Namgang Historical Note states that it was brought from China by Prince Inpyeong (1622-1658), the third son of Chosun King Injo. This western species had not been successfully cultivated. It was reintroduced in 1884 by western missionaries and planted in the property of US Consulate General in Incheon and around Wonsan, but the formation of commercial orchards failed again.

Later, Byeong-su Yun of Wonsan bought the seedlings of Ralls Genet and Jonathan in 1901 from a foreign missioner and planted them to initiate the modern production of apples. In 1906, old Korean Government opened a 12ha-wide plantation model house in Ttuk Island and tested various species of apples induced from all around the world. They established the foundation by raising the seeds at the same time. As people recognized that Korea's climates and soils are very suitable for apple cultivation, they have rapidly grown the apple cultivation business and today, apple trees are the most widely cultivated type of leafing tree.

Efficacy of Apples

1.Apples are good for skin care and releasing the hangover.
2. Pectin substance of apples reduces the blood pressure by attaching to cholesterol and treats arteriosclerosis.
3. Vitamin B and C and other minerals (Sodium and other) in the apples, promote the immune system and revive the metabolism.
4. The abundant fiber content of apples promotes digestion and stimulates the intestines to enhance the health of the intestines.
5. Apples are said to have many other good effects on human body such as for urination, blood sugar control, and digestion.

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