○ Area of Farmland: 48ha
○ Production: 1,000tons
Most of the villagers engage in apple production and the village is surrounded
by the orchard. In particular, Palgongsan Apples are grown in the fresh air and
clean waters of Palgong Mountains with abundant sunlight and great diurnal
difference of temperatures to have bright colors and high sugar level.
Therefore, it is the best specialty not only in Gunwi, but also throughout
Gyeongbuk, the province of apples. Palgongsan Apples have unique taste and
colors as they are produced in pollution-free optimum soil and abundant
(Classification: Rosaceae) binbha
They are also called binbha or duckweed fruit. Apples contain 85∼90% of water
content, 1% of pectic substances and fiber, 0.5% of malic acid and small amount
of lime and protein. In vitamin, 100g of flesh contains 60g of Vitamin A
(β-Carotene), 0.01mg of Vitamin B1 and 3~8mg of Vitamin C. They are mostly eaten
as raw fruit and sometimes used for jams, juices, apple ciders, wines, vinegars
The first record of apples in Korean history was written during the reign of
Koryo King Uijong (1083~1105) referring to M.assiatica as Korean Apples in
Gyerim History (1103). This Korean Apple is the origination of today's apples.
As it is also stated in "Forest Economy" of Man-Seon Hong with the description
of its cultivation techniques, it is assumed that it had been actively
cultivated in early 18th century.
About the today's species of apples called M.domestica, Namgang Historical Note
states that it was brought from China by Prince Inpyeong (1622-1658), the third
son of Chosun King Injo. This western species had not been successfully
cultivated. It was reintroduced in 1884 by western missionaries and planted in
the property of US Consulate General in Incheon and around Wonsan, but the
formation of commercial orchards failed again.
Later, Byeong-su Yun of Wonsan bought the seedlings of Ralls Genet and Jonathan
in 1901 from a foreign missioner and planted them to initiate the modern
production of apples. In 1906, old Korean Government opened a 12ha-wide
plantation model house in Ttuk Island and tested various species of apples
induced from all around the world. They established the foundation by raising
the seeds at the same time. As people recognized that Korea's climates and soils
are very suitable for apple cultivation, they have rapidly grown the apple
cultivation business and today, apple trees are the most widely cultivated type
of leafing tree.
1.Apples are good for skin care and releasing the hangover.
2. Pectin substance of apples reduces the blood pressure by attaching to
cholesterol and treats arteriosclerosis.
3. Vitamin B and C and other minerals (Sodium and other) in the apples, promote
the immune system and revive the metabolism.
4. The abundant fiber content of apples promotes digestion and stimulates the
intestines to enhance the health of the intestines.
5. Apples are said to have many other good effects on human body such as for
urination, blood sugar control, and digestion.
Copyright 2002 INVIL CENTRAL COUNCIL. All rights reserved.
This site can be viewed with Explorer 4.0 and 800x600 pixel monitor or higher.