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Home > Festival > Monthly festival > July
Gungnamji Lotus Festival (1.15 ~ 2.16)
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Gungnamji (Historical Relic No. 135) is Korea's first artificial pond located in the southern attached house of a royal palace which King Mu of Baekje made for Princess Seonhwa.  Based on the record of 『Samguksagi』, it is called Gungnamji.  According to Samguksagi, "A pond was dug up to the south of the palace, water was irrigated for miles to plant willows, and an island immigating Mt. Bangjangseon, one of three mountains of wizards in Chinese mythology, was made in the center" in March of the 35th year of the reign of King Mu (634).  The pond was restored in 1965-1967 in about 1/3 of its original size.

 

In fact, the tradition of making ponds by palaces in Baekje began in the Hanseong Era.  However, no ponds from the Hanseon Era have been found as yet.  

 

On the other hand, Gongsan Castle, the palace from the Ungjin Era, was discovered with a pond by which seems to be the major building site.  This pond in Gongsan Castle is a round pond that is narrow on the bottom and widens around the surface.  It is 7.3m in diameter by the surface, 4.8m in diameter on the bottom, and 3m in depth.  This shows that the tradition of making ponds by palaces in Baekje is very old.  However, other ponds from the Baekje Empire seem to have something similar to Mt. Samsin of Gungnamji.

 

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