This festival was organized to celebrate the establishment
of a private school in Soan-do and to succeed and develop the patriotic
and nationalistic spirits of our ancestors. The private school
was established in 1923 to eliminate illiteracy, to organize secret
anti-Japan activist groups, and to expand labor movements.
On the first day, the 5th, the people of Dalmok-do
(an old name of Soan-do) gather to enjoy an event of culture, public
speaking and poetry presentations, and individual performances.
On the second day, the 6th, the middle and high
school students, soldiers, and residents dress up in the old independent
soldier uniforms from 10 o’clock in the morning and revive the
resistant movements of the independent soldiers. The event
is then followed by a street performance, a poetry and painting
exhibition, and an athletic event.
Soan-do, which is 20km to the south of Wando, initiated
farmer’s strike and legal disputes to regain their lands against
the illegal exploitation of Japan during the Japanese colonization
of Korea and established a private school to enhance the spirit
of independence. It was known as the town of the most active
anti-Japan movement at that time.
Last November 20, Wando-gun opened 500m²wide
Anti-Japan Movement Memorial Hall on a 25,000m² land near Gahak-ri
to cherish the noble spirits of the local anti-Japan activists,
including Sir Nae Ho Song (1895∼1928).
This Memorial Hall exhibits the tablets of 19 independent
movement activists who were awarded by the Korean Government, the
photographs of 50 local patriots, and a model of Soan Private School
that fostered anti-Japan activists and a modeled scene of a murder
of Japanese securities.